In many books written for expectant parents, you’ll find references to vision changes during pregnancy. In many cases, the books bring up more questions than they answer. This article should help walk you through what to expect with your vision while pregnant.
During the second and third trimester of pregnancy, some women will experiences changes in their vision as a result of changes in near-sightedness or far-sightedness. Many times these changes are mild and the symptoms made be not that noticeable. In other cases the changes may be fairly dramatic and occur over a short period of time. The other condition that causes dramatic shifts in vision is diabetes, so if sudden changes are noted, it’s important to tell your primary doctor.
The changes in near or far-sightedness are temporary, so usually doctors will reassure patients about the changes and after time the vision returns to it’s normal state. This is also true of severe changes in vision that may be related to gestational diabetes. As the blood sugar levels return to normal, so will the vision.
Contact Lens Issues
Some pregnant women will experience dryness of the eyes while pregnant. This can occur during any trimester. As such, wearing contact lenses can be more difficult. In many cases, using drops to replace the missing moisture will solve the problem. In other cases, the mother-to-be may have to wear their eyeglasses during the pregnancy. The symptoms slowly resolve after delivery, but women who breast feed may experience dry eye symptoms during this time as well.
Other Potential Issues
In rare cases, pregnant women may experiences other problems during pregnancy and delivery such as:
- Hypertension. If uncontrolled, hypertension can affect the retinal blood vessels causing bleeding in the eye and a disruption of normal retinal blood flow
- Redness of the eye from dilation of the blood vessels on the surface of the eye.
- Sub-conjunctival hemorrhage. Although scary looking, these are harmless breaks in the blood vessels of the eye. These can result from excessive pressure and straining during delivery.
So, in addition to everything else on that very full to do list….pay attention to your vision. Let your eye doctor know if you are experiences any changes in your vision, or with how your eyes feel.