What is Contact Dermatitis?
Contact dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin. It is an allergic reaction or skin irritation caused by an exposure to a substance that is toxic to the skin or that the person is sensitive to the substance. It is not uncommon for the contact dermatitis involve the eyelids. Many times only the eyelids are involved.
What are the Symptoms of Contact Dermatitis of the Eyelids?
Scaling of the skin
Moist areas of skin
Dry and cracked skin
Types of Contact Dermatitis
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
This is the typical allergic reaction of the body to an allergen that the patient is sensitive to and results an immune reaction in the skin. Common substances that people are allergic to are:
Metals especially nickel
On occasion air born allergens may cause a skin reaction
Toxic or Irritant Contact Dermatitis
This type of contact dermatitis results from direct damage to the skin from a substance such as chemicals, production containing perfumes, certain deodorants, or toxic fumes.
There are some instances where the reaction may be a combination of allergic and irritant.
Diagnosis of Contact Dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is diagnosed by its typical appearance and symptoms. Many times it may be difficult to determine the cause of the contact dermatitis. Skin testing may be required if the problems persists or is recurrent.
It is important to write down anything new that you used or where exposed prior to developing the rash. Did you use any new detergent, soap, cleaning product, makeup, or any new products? This can help the doctor determine what may be causing the reaction.
Treatment of Contact Dermatitis
Avoiding the Inciting Substance
The first line of treatment is to avoid the substance that is causing the skin reaction. Skin testing may be necessary if it is not obvious what the substance is causing the rash.
Antihistamines can be used to help treat the contact dermatitis.
Lotemax Ophthalmic Ointment
Lotemax ophthalmic ointment is a corticosteroid (cortisone) that treats the inflammation and irritation of contact dermatitis. Lotemax is very useful in contact dermatitis of the eyelids as it is formulated to be used in the eye. It will not damage the eye if it gets into the eye.
Contact dermatitis often involves the eyelids. Lotemax is very useful in treating the rash involving the eyelids and is safe to use around the eye.