Conjunctivitis or Eye Infections
Conjunctivitis or pink eye is an infection of the conjunctiva which is one of the more common eye diseases. The conjunctiva is the outer layer of tissue that contains the blood vessels seen on the eye and covers over the white portion of the eye (sclera). The conjunctivitis can be caused by a bacteria, virus, or fungus.
Symptoms of Eye Infections
A stye is a different type of eye infection in that it involves the eyelids. A stye is an infection of the sebaceous glands of Zeis located at the base of the eyelashes. It can also involve the apocrine glands of Moll. A stye can look very similar to a chalazion. A chalazion is cyst involving the meibomian glands in the eyelids.
How to Get Rid of a Stye
The mainstay of treating a stye is warm compresses for fifteen minutes three or four times a day. The doctor may prescribe a topical antibiotic or an oral antibiotic depending on the severity of the infection. If the stye does not resolve, the doctor may lance or incise the stye. If the stye is still not improving, the doctor may surgically remove the stye.
How to Treat Pink Eye or Conjunctivitis
If the infection is due to a virus then usually no treatment is needed as antibiotics will not help treat the infection just like having the flu.
Bacterial conjunctivitis is treated by topical antibiotics usually given four times a day.
Fungal conjunctivitis is very rare but would be treated with topical anti-fungal medication.
Eye infections are very common and are usually easily treated with topical antibiotics when the infection is due to bacteria. Viral conjunctivitis is usually not treated but there are topical anti-viral medications when necessary.