Children Eye Exams
Exam for Newborns
Newborns should have their eyes examined to check for any sign of infection. They should also be checked congenital glaucoma, congenital cataracts, other eye diseases, and any sign of poor red reflex which could signal an intraocular tumor. This is usually performed by a pediatrician. An eye doctor should examine the newborn if the baby is premature, at risk of serious medical problems, or has a family history of genetic vision or ocular disorders.
Infants Six Months of Age
A six month eye exam should be done by the pediatrician, family physician, or other trained health professional. They should check for eye health, vision development, and proper eye alignment.
Children Age Four
Around four years of age the child should have his eyes checked by a pediatrician, family doctor, or eye doctor for the child’s assessment of their vision in each eye. It is important at this stage to make sure there is proper alignment of the eyes and good vision in each eye. It is important to prescribe glasses, treat any crossed eyes (strabismus), or amblyopia (lazy eye).
Children Age Six or Older
If no personal history of any ocular problems or ocular family history, an eye examination every two or three years is appropriate.
Adult Eye Exams
Adults Eighteen to Forty
If no personal history or family history of ocular diseases, an eye exam every three years is sufficient unless there are ocular complaints.
Adults Forty to Sixty Five
If no personal history or family history of ocular diseases, an eye exam every two to three years is recommended.
Adults Over Age Sixty Five
If no personal history or family history of ocular diseases, an eye exam every one or two years is recommended.
Other Conditions that Require Closer Follow-Up Care
Patients wearing contact lenses should have their eyes examined every year.
Patients taking medications that have ocular side effects should be followed according to the drug company recommendation.
Patients who are diabetic should have an eye exam every year.
People with a family history of glaucoma should have their eyes checked more often. After age forty five, you should have your eyes examined every year.