What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is disease characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels or hyperglycemia resulting from the body’s inability to produce insulin or the body’s inability to use the blood glucose for energy.
Prevalence of Diabetes in America
Approximately 8% of the population has diabetes.
Nearly 25 million children and adults have diabetes in the United States.
60 million people are pre-diabetic.
Children under age 20 comprise 200,000 cases of type 1 diabetes.
Race and Prevalence of Diabetes in America
7% of non-Hispanic whites
8% of Asian Americans
11% of Hispanics
12% of non-Hispanic blacks
Illness and Deaths (Morbidity and Mortality)
Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States.
Diabetes contributes to heart disease and strokes
High blood pressure
Circulation problems leading to amputations of the lower limbs
Types of Diabetes
There are three types of diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults. It was commonly called juvenile diabetes. The pancreas produces a hormone called insulin which is used to break down sugar and starches into the energy that cells need to work. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin. About 10 percent of diabetics have this type of diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the cells are unable to use the insulin. This results in an elevated blood glucose as the sugar cannot be used by the cells in the body.
Around the third trimester of pregnancy many women are diagnosed with gestational diabetes. This doesn’t mean you have diabetes or that you will have diabetes after delivery.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Fatigue or tiredness
Blurred vision and/or changes in glass prescriptions
Tingling and/or numbness in the extremities
Frequent or recurring infections
Maintain a healthy lifestyle with a proper diet and exercise
Once you have diabetes it is extremely important to control the diabetes. The better you control your diabetes the less damage that occurs to the body.